A chemical peel uses a chemical solution applied on the skin to remove the upper layers of skin cells. This evens out pigmentation, reduce scars, hydrates, improve texture and reduce fine lines and wrinkles. The chemicals used are Trichloracetic acid (TCA), Glycolic acid, Phenol resorcinol, Salicylic acid, Lactic acid, Alpha-keto acid, and Tretinoin Retinoic acid. These unique treatments significantly stimulate the fibroblasts deep within the skin to produce new collagen and elastin. Because it acts deeper in the skin than microdermabrasion, chemical peels yield better results, are regarded as safe and require little to no down-time.
Microdermabrasion is done by spraying fine crystals onto the surface of the skin. The purpose of this is to remove dead skin cells perching on the upper layer of skin. The intention of a dermabrasion is not the same as a peel. This procedure is done in order to give the skin a lighter, brighter appearance. For example, maybe you want to look well rested for a special occasion. Its aim is not a change in skin surface appearance. Wrinkles or skin discolorations are not noticeably improved by dermabrasion. Some may see this as a plus, if you do not wish to change skin texture, just look rosier, this could be the procedure to try.
If you do want to change the appearance of your skin, a peel is the way to go. The kind of peel that is right for you depends on careful skin analysis, your skin health goals, and the extent of skin damage you wish to reverse.